The Ming dynasty ruled China for 276 years, which is depicted as one of the feudal dynasties that are governed orderly and stabilized in the history. In this period, the development of handicraft promoted the market economy and urbanization. An ocean of commodities, including wine and silk, were sold on the market. Meanwhile, numerous exotic products were imported, such as clocks and tobacco. Commercial centers like Beijing, Nanjing, Yangzhou, Suzhou formed in succession. It was also in Ming dynasty that the fleet of ships led by ZhengHe expedited for seven times to the Indian Ocean on a large scale. What’s more, three of the four classical novels are written in the Ming dynasty.
The Song Dynasty began in the year 960 and lastedto the year 1279. During this period, China’seconomy developed rapidly and had become themost advanced economy, and its science, technology, philosophy and mathematicians boomedtoo. During the Song Dynasty, China was the first country that issued paper money in thehistory of the world, gunpowder was first used, and the movable-type printing was alsoinvented. As the population increased fast, more and more people moved to cities, whereexisted many entertainment places. The social life was diverse. People could gather togetherto watch and exchange valuable artworks there. The government system was also advancedat that time. The government officials were all selected and employed by competitive exams.
The Song dynasty began from 960 and ended in 1279. During the period, China had witnessedhuge growth in the economy, making it the most advanced economy in the world. Science andtechnology, philosophy and mathematics also flourished at that time. In the Song dynasty, China was the first country in the world to issue paper money, use gunpowder and inventmovable-type printing. With rapidly increasing population, more and more people moved intothe city, in which entertainment venues were very busy. People could enjoy various social life, getting together to appreciate and trade precious artworks. The Song dynasty also enjoyedan advanced government system in the world. All of the government officials were selected andappointed through the competitive examination.
Agriculture is one of the most important industries inChina which embraces more than 300 millionworkers. China ‘s agriculture output ranks the first allover the word, and it mainly produce rice, wheatand beans. China provides 20 percent of the worldfood, though its agriculture land only accounts for 10% of the world’s total.China’s history ofplanting rice dates back as early as 7700 B.C. Long before the use of machinery and fertilizers, industrious and creative farmers had already used different kinds of methods to increase cropyields. The latest trend of the agriculture development in China is to promote organicagriculture. And the organic agriculture can serve a variety of purposes, which including foodsafety, public health and sustainable development.
As China’s economy booms, there is a dramatic increase in the number of people learning Chinese, which makes it become one of the most popular languages. In recent years, international ranks of Chinese universities have apparently boosted. Owing to the progress of Chinese education, it is not odd that China has become one of the most favorite destinations for oversea students studying abroad. In 2015, around four hundred thousand international students piled into China to study. What they learn is no more limited to the subjects of Chinese and Chinese culture, they also learn science and engineering. In the global education market, America and Britain still play dominant roles, while China is catching up.
With the improvement of living standards, vacation is playing an increasingly important role in Chinese people’s life. In the past, Chinese people mainly spent their time on earning a living and seldom did they have the opportunities to travel abroad. However, the recent years has witnessed a fast development of China’s tourism industry. The boom of economy and emergence of the affluent middle class, has triggered an unprecedented tourism boom. Chinese people are not only traveling within China, but traveling abroad is also becoming more and more popular. During the National Day holiday of 2016, the consumption of tourism adds up to more than 400 billion. According to the estimate of the WTO, China will become the country with the largest tourism industry in the world in 2020, and it will become the country with the fastest consumption increase in traveling abroad in the next few years.
China's innovation is flourishing faster than ever before. In order to surpass developed countries on science and technology as soon as possible, China has sharply increased research and development fund. Chinese universities and institutes are actively doing innovative researches, covering various fields of high technology, from big data to biochemistry, and from new energy to robots. They are also cooperating with science and technology parks in different places, so as to commercialize their fruits of innovation. In the meantime, to adapt to the changing foreign and domestic market, and to satisfy the growing demand, Chinese entrepreneurs are also making pioneering efforts to innovate their products and business models.
Innovation is progressing in an unprecedented speed in China. In order to catch up with those developed countries in the world as fast as it can in the science and technology field, China has increased funds for development research substantially in recent years. Universities and research institutions in China are actively carrying out innovation researches, which cover high-technology fields such as big data, biochemistry, new energy and robots, etc. They also cooperate with science park in various regions, commercializing the research results of innovation. Meanwhile, no matter in production and business model, entrepreneurs in China are competing to be pioneers in innovation to adapt to the constantly changing and increasing needs of the consumer market at home and abroad.
Shenzhen is a newly-developed city in Guangdong province,China. Before the implementation of reform and opening-up policy,it was but a fishing village only with a population of over 30 thousand.In the 1980s,Chinese government established Shenzhen Special Economic Zone as the experimental plot for the implementation of socialist market economy.Currently,the population of Shenzhen has exceeded 10 million and the whole city has undergone tremendous changes.By 2014,the per-capita GDP of Shenzhen has reached 25 thousand dollars,equivalent to that of some developed countries in the world.As far as its overall economic power is concerned,Shenzhen is listed among the top cities in China.Due to its unique status,it is also an ideal place for the entrepreneurs at home and abroad to start their businesses.
Shenzhen , the first special economic zone in China since the reform and opening-up policy, also the window of Chinese reform and opening-up policy, has developed into an international city with great influence, which is also the significant base of high-tech research and development in South China. The long coastline of Shenzhen serves as a bridge between the South China See and the Pacific. And adjacent to Hong Kong, Shenzhen is one of the busiest container ports in the world. Shenzhen Window of the World is a large-scale tourist attraction , in which there are a large number of imitations of world-famous sights, such as the Pyramid in Egypt, Leaning Tower of Pisa in Italy and Niagara Falls in North America.
Qipao, an exquisite Chinese clothing, originates from China's Manchu Nationality. In the Qing Dynasty , it was a loose robe for the royal women. In the 1920s, influenced by Western clothing, it went through many changes.For example,the cuffs went narrower, and the dress got shorter. These changes enabled Qipao to fully elaborate women’s beauty. Nowadays, Qipao quite often appears on world-class fashion shows. It is usually the first choice for Chinese women as they attend social parties. Meanwhile, many Chinese brides will select it as their wedding dress.Some influential personalities even suggest making it as the national costume for Chinese women.
Qipao is a kind of elegant Chinese dress, which is originated from Manzu Nationality in China. In Qing Dynasty, Qipao is a kind of loose robes which royal women wear. In the 1920 s, having been influenced by western clothing, some changes have taken place in Chinese dress--- Qipao. The cuff of Qipao has became narrow, and the robe has became short. These changes have reflected the beauty of the females.
Today, Qipao often appears in the world fashion show. When Chinese women attend some important social gatherings, they often chhose Qipao as their their first dress. Also, many Chinese brides will choose Qipao as their wedding dress. Some influential people have even suggested that Qipao should be women's national costume in China.
Parents in China are always trying to help their children, even to make the most importantdecision for them, regardless of what the children really want, because parents believe it’s allfor the benefit of their children. This has led to the result that the children’s growth andeducation tend to give way to their parents’ wishes. Once the parents decide to sign up anafterschool class for their children in order to increase their chance of being admitted to a goodschool, they will stick on their decision, even their children have no interest in it at all.InAmerica, however, parents tend to respect their children, especially when making decisions. Perhaps it is commendable that Chinese parents lay much importance on education, butChinese parents still need to keep the
balance between the parents and children in the perspective of education
as the American parents do.
China is playing an increasingly important role in helping the international community in theprocess of eradicating extreme poverty by 2030.
Since the implementation of reform and opening up in the late 1970s, China has helped asmany as 400 million people out of poverty. In the next five years, China will provide assistanceto other developing countries in poverty reduction, education development, agriculturalmodernization, environmental protection, health care and so on.
China has made remarkable progress in poverty alleviation, and it has made unremittingefforts in promoting economic growth. This will encourage other poor countries to cope withtheir own development challenges. These countries can learn from China's experience in seekingthe path of development with their own characteristics.
Recently, the Chinese government has decided to upgrade its industry. China is now involvedin building high-speed trains, ocean-going ships, robots, even the planes. Not long ago, Chinawon the contract of building a high-speed railway in Indonesia. The Contract of China provinghigh-speed trains for Malaysia also signed by the two sides, which proves that goods made-in-China are widely trusted.
Goods made-in-China has become more and more popular. Although China has paid prices forit, it does help to eliminate poverty and to provide work chances for people all over the worldas well. This is a good work and worth speaking highly of. You may want to take a look at whichcountry your goods comes from when you go to the store next time. It is very probably madein China.