考研英语二作文题型和评分标准(2022考研英语二作文预测)

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Section IV Writing

Part B

48. Directions:

Write an essay based on the chart below. In your writing, you should

1) interpret the chart, and

2) give your comments.

 

对答案啦!英语二作文真题解析及答题思路,23届也要重点关注
 

You should write about 150 words on the ANSWER SHEET. (15 points)

【试题分析】

1. 难度

总体难度适中,考查的仍然是历年英语二经常出现的类型:柱状图(bar chart);而考查的话题也是近几年热门的社会现象:中国快递业务量(China’s express delivery business volume)的变化,涉及两个类别:总体(total)和农村(rural)的对比。写作中使用到的词汇和表达相对都比较简单,基本不会用到生僻词。

如果熟悉真题的同学应该不难发现,今年的出题思路与2010年真题-发达国家与发展中国家手机用户数量变化,以及2014年-城镇及乡村人口变化图如出一辙,大家可以完全套用真题范文框架来完成写作,再一次验证了考研英语真的是“万变不离其宗”,真题是最宝贵的复习资料!!!

2. 审题

考查图表类型柱状图

题目写作要求1. 描述图标interpret the chart

2. 给出评论give your comments

3. 写作思路

段落每段写作要点

第一段描述图表。①按照动态图的写作方法,先总体描述图表讨论的话题,②再细节描述从2018年到2020年,总体与农村快递业务量的变化对比,得出农村地区业务量的增加是全国总量提升的主要原因。

第二段分析原因。①一方面可以从全国总体的经济实力增强,购买力提升展开论述,所以总体的快递业务量逐年增长;②另一方面分析在2018至2020年间农村地区经济发展迅速,成为全国快递业务增长的主力军。

第三段预测趋势。这种趋势还会继续发展下去,相关的公司企业要能抓住商业机遇,开拓农村市场。

【参考范文】

Explicitly and completely illustrated in the bar chart is the general trend in the volume of express delivery business nationwide and in rural areas during 2018 to 2020. The number of the deliveries all over the country rose by 32 billion from 51 billion in 2018 to 83 billion in 2020, while that in rural areas ascended by 18 billion, which accounts for almost 60% of the total growth.

Reasons for the phenomenon presented in the graph can be listed as follows. On one hand, we can ascribe this phenomenon to the economic boom, which led to the regular improvement of people’s living standard, and further resulted in purchasing power improvement. On the other hand, the fact that recent years have witnessed a spurt of progress in countryside economy which has made rural population the main force of national express business growth is also responsible for such consequence.

Taking into account all of these factors, we may reach the conclusion that whatever is true is reasonable and such a trend is bound to continue in the future. It is high time that Chinese enterprises, especially express delivery companies seized this opportunity to create wealth and realize self-worth for themselves. (200 words)

【参考译文】

该柱状图清晰完整地展示了2018年至2020年全国和农村地区快递业务量的总体趋势。全国快递量从2018年的510亿件增加到2020年的830亿件,增长了320亿件,而农村快递量增长了180亿件,几乎占到快递总增长量的60%。

图中所示现象的原因如下。一方面,我们可以把这种现象归因于经济的繁荣,这导致了人们生活水平的不断提高,并进一步导致了购买力的提高。另一方面,近年来农村经济的迅猛发展,使农村人口成为全国快递业务增长的主力军,也是造成这一结果的原因。

考虑到所有这些因素,我们可以得出结论,存在即合理,这样的趋势注定会在未来继续。中国企业,尤其是快递公司,应该抓住这个机会,为自己创造财富,实现自我价值。

【语言素材积累】

图表描述中,各位考生必须掌握住描写“重点考查类型-柱状图及饼状图的趋势和状态,增加和减少,大幅及缓慢地”等相关表达,这些要在平时复习中积累下来,下面就为大家提供一些高分模板及表达。

柱状图的描写框架:

The number of 类别 increased/decreased gradually/sharply from 数据 in 时间 to 数据 in 时间 . The following years witnessed a considerably rise/decline to 数据 .(,reaching the peak at 数据 ./hit the bottom at 数据 .) Several years later, the number presented a slow-growing/ fast-growing tendency once again, and the number was 数据 .

饼状图的描写框架:

最大的一部分 took the lead by occupying %, followed by 第二大部分 and 第三大部分 , which took up % and % respectively. The percentage of 第四部分 is , and 第五部分 accounted for .

描述数字变化的表达:

“上升”的表达:increase; go up; rise; ascend; soar; skyrocket

“下降”的表达:decrease; decline; descend; drop; slump

“急剧地/大幅地”表达:sharply; quickly; significantly; considerably

“小幅地/适度地”表达:slowly; slightly; moderately

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