现在完成时用法总结(附习题及答案)

现在完成时表示1)过去发生或已经完成的动作或存在的状态对现在造成的影响或结果.(即它的"完成用法")e.g. I have just cleaned the classroom. 2)过去已经开始,一直持续到现在的动作或状态。注意:此时动作可能还要继续。(即它的"未完成用法")。 E.g. He has lived in Beijing for ten years.

其结构是“have/has+过去分词”。过去分词的变化分规则与不规则两种。规则变化与过去式相同,不规则变化需要另记。

它的否定句是在have/has后边加not,变一般疑问句是把have/has提前。E.g. I have ridden a horse. I have not ridden a horse. Have you ridden a horse?

它的时间状语通常为already, just, yet, ever, never, before等。另外还可和since+表过去的时间点,for+时间段连用。

 

中考英语复习---现在完成时总结及习题(带答案)
 

做题时常见错误如下:

一、易丢掉have/has

例:He taken (take) the medicine before.

答案:has taken

解析:have/has 为助动词,起构成时态的作用,是不能省略的。我们可以这样记:“现在完成时态中,have/has 不可缺。”

二、have与has易用混

例:I has never heard (hear) of that before.

答案:have heard

三、延续性动词与短暂性动词易弄错

例:She has left (离开) for 2 hours.

答案:has been away

解析:在肯定句中,与since或for引出的时间状语连用的是延续性动词,不能是短暂性动词,但在否定句中短暂性动词也是可以的。E.g. I haven't bought clothes for one year. 在此题中leave是短暂性动词,不能与for+时间段连用,须把它改成相应的延续性动词。如stop be over等。此题中leave要改成be away。这两种词的转换是学习现在完成时需要注意的。

专项练习:

一、单选

1 You have _____ a tall young man.

A grown B grown into C grown us D grown up

2 He has ____ the watch for a year.

A buy B bought C have D had

3 Has your brother _____ the dog?

A kept in B fed C fed on D kept on

4I _____this book for two weeks, I have to return it now.

A borrowed B have borrowed C kept D have kept

5 Have you ever _____to the Great Wall? It's very beautiful.

A gone B been C went D go

6 Her brother _____the Party since 1978.

A joined B has joined C has been in D was in

7 The Greens _____many places of interest since they came to China.

A will visit B visited C have visited D visit

8 I'm sorry, I ____ your name.

A had forgotten B forgot C have forgotten D forgotten

9 The bookshop _____ for eight years.

A has been open B has been opened Chas opened D has open

10 We have all the paper so we need to buy some.

A used up B made of C filled with D hunted for

11 The flower I ____grown up.

A planted has B planted have C has planted D have planted

答案:1B 2 D 3 B 4D 5 B 6 C 7 C 8 C 9 A 10 A 11 A

二、填空

1 Have you ever ______(take) a train?

2 It _________(be ) more than three years since Jim ______(leave) here.

3 Have you _____(make)friends with your new classmates yet?

4 I _______(have) my lunch and I'm not hungry now.

5 Jim has never seen a panda, _____he?

6 We ______(be) good friends since we met at school.

7 We can't find him anywhere. Perhaps he______(go) home.

8 He _____(read) the book before.

9 Mr. Green _____(teach) us a lot about social studies since September.

10 I _____never____ (meet) her sister before.

答案:1 taken 2 has been, left 3made 4 have had 5 has 6 have been 7 has gone 8 has read 9 has taught 10 have met

四、have been to与 have gone to 易弄混

例:我去过北京。

I have gone to Beijing.

答案:I have been to Beijing.

解析:"have been to+地点" 是表示曾去过某地,但此刻不在那儿(即在说话的地方)。而"have gone to+地点" 是表示去某地了,此刻在路上或已经到了那个地方(即不在说话的地方)。注意:这两个句式后接副词时,需省to。E.g. He has gone there.

五、 忘记把already变成yet

例:I have already finished my homework.(变一般疑问句)

Have you already finished your homework?

答案: Have you finished your homework yet?

解析:现在完成时态中,肯定句中有already,变否定句或疑问句时通常要改为yet.

六、在条件、时间状语从句中用一般现在时表示将来

例:I'll go with you when I finish(finish) my homework.

答案:have finished

解析:在条件、时间状语从句中表示将来完成的动作,用现在完成时。但注意,此时表示这动作将在另一动作之前完成,若两动作同时发生,或几乎同时发生,则一般不用现在完成时。

另外,现在完成时易与一般过去时弄混,前边已经讲过,这里不在重复.

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