请假用英语怎么说(关于请假的英语表达汇总)

 

“请假”用英语怎么说?首先排除“ask holiday”
 

生活中总有各种各样的琐事

我们总免不了要请假

今天就来聊聊这个实用的话题

先来辨析几个词

vacation, holiday, leave,day off

都可以表示“假期、休息”,但也有区别

  Vacation:可作名词和动词

作名词时,一般表示比较长的假期,多指大学的假期

如:

summer vacation 暑假

winter vacation 寒假

The job includes two weeks' paid vacation.

这份工作包括两周的带薪假期。

作动词时,意思是度假

He looked tanned and well rested after his vacation.

度假之后,他皮肤晒得黝黑,精神焕发。

  Holiday:也可作名词和动词

作为名词时,意为假期; 假日,节日(尤指国家庆典日)

Christmas holiday is the biggest holiday in many Western countries.

在很多西方国家,圣诞节是最重要的假期。

作为动词时,意为度假; 休假

She was holidaying with her family in Ireland.

她当时正和家人在爱尔兰度假。

  Leave:通常是自己申请的休假

I'm still due 15 day's leave.

我还有15天的休假。

  Day off:指不用上班的日子,休息日,例如周末

The rest of the men had the day off.

其余的人放假一天。

 

  请假的表达

  1、ask for leave

I have to ask for leave tomorrow morning.

我明天上午得请假了。

此外:

grant leave 意为“准假”

I will be very grateful if you grant my leave.

如果您能准假我会非常感激。

paid leave 意为“带薪休假”

For most of these companies, providing paid leave isn’t much of a stretch.

对大部分公司而言,提供带薪假并不困难。

  2、take a day off

take和off之间是具体请假的时长

Next time i will take a day off, and let’s go to the zoo.

下次我请一天假,一起去动物园吧。

  3、call in sick

(打电话)请病假,可以用这个短语

Four of our office staff called in sick today.

今天我们办公室有四个职员请了病假。

各种假期说法

annual leave

年假

maternity leave

产假

paternity leave

陪产假

sick leave

病假

personal leave

事假

marriage leave

婚假

funeral leave

丧假

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