英语四级翻译和语法知识精选(大学英语四级真题知识点总结)

英语四级翻译练习题:中国家庭文化

在传统的中国家庭文化中,同一祖先的几代后裔(descendants) 居住在一起,形成一个大家庭。这种自治(autonomous)家族制度是中国传统社会的基本单位。中国的孩子们跟随他们父亲的姓。这和西方文化是一样的。如今在中国,孩子跟父亲的姓或母亲的姓在法律上都是合法的。除了那些因为结婚加入到家庭中的人以外,人们 的姓氏都是一样的。

In traditional Chinese family culture, descendants of several generations from the same ancestor lived together and formed a big fam¬ily system. This kind of autonomous family system was the basic unit of traditional Chinese society. Chinese children follow their father’s fam¬ily name.

This is the same as western culture. Nowadays in China it is legally fine for a child to follow either father’s family name or mother’s family name. Within each family system, of course people except those who joined this family system through marriage all have the same family name.

 

2021年下半年大学英语四级翻译及语法知识精选
 

2021年下半年英语四级语法知识精选(一)

(1)a bit, a little, rather, much, far, by far, many, a lot, lots, a great deal, any, still, even等

(2)还可以用表示倍数的词或度量名词作修饰语。

(3)以上词(除by far)外,必须置于比较级形容词或副词的前面。

典型例题:

(1) ---- Are you feeling ____?   ---- Yes,I'm fine now.

A. any well B. any better C. quite good   D. quite better

答案:B. any 可修饰比较级,quite修饰原级,well的比较级为better.

(2)The experiment was____ easier than we had expected.

A. more  B. much more   C. much   D. more much

答案:C. much可修饰比较级,因此B,C都说得通,但easier本身已是比较级,不需more,因此C为正确答案。

(3)If there were no examinations, we should have ___ at school.

A. the happiest time  B. a more happier time

C. much happiest time  D. a much happier time

答案:D。

 

2021年下半年大学英语四级翻译及语法知识精选
 

2021年下半年英语四级语法知识精选 (二)

1、在否定句或疑问句中可用so… as。

He cannot run so/as fast as you.

2、当as… as 中间有名词时采用以下格式。

as +形容词+ a +单数名词   as + many/much +名词

This is as good an example as the other is.

I can carry as much paper as you can..

3、用表示倍数的词或其他程度副词做修饰语时,放在as的前面。

This room is twice as big as that one.

Your room is the same size as mine.

 

2021年下半年大学英语四级翻译及语法知识精选
 

4、倍数+ as + adj. + as <=> 倍数+ then + of

This bridge is three times as long as that one.

This bridge is three times the length of that one.

Your room is twice as large as mine.

Your room is twice the size of mine.

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