被动语态的构成和用法(各时态被动语态的基本结构解析)

被动语态的基本构成:主语 + be + 及物动词的过去分词。动词的执行者由介词 by 引出,往往可以省去。被动语态是动词的一种形式,有时态、人称和数的变化,这种变化体现在助动词 be 上。英语中常用的十种被动语态如下表所示(以ask 为例):

 

英语中常用的十种被动语态,你会用吗?
 

十种被动语态

1.一般现在时:主语 + am/is/are + 过去分词

English is taught in most schools in china.

中国大多数学校都教英语。

2.一般过去时:主语 + was/were + 过去分词

The computer was put into operation in 1942.

计算机于1942年投入运行。

3.一般将来时:主语 + shall/will + be + 过去分词

The sports meet will be put off.

运动会将被推迟。

4.过去将来时:主语 + should/would + be + 过去分词

He said he would be loved if he loved others.

他说只要他爱别人,自己就会被爱。

5.现在进行时:主语 + am/is/are + being + 过去分词

I'm afraid I am being followed.

恐怕有人正在跟踪我。

 

英语中常用的十种被动语态,你会用吗?
 

6.过去进行时:主语 + was/were + being + 过去分词

The hospital was being built when I came last time.

上次我来时,这家医院正在修建中。

7.现在完成时:主语 + have/has + been 过去分词

Many new buildings have been completed in the city.

这座城市里已经建成许多新建筑。

8.过去完成时:主语 + had been + 过去分词

All the tickets had been sold out when they arrived.

他们到达时,所有的票已经售完了。

9.将来完成时:主语 + shall/will + have been + 过去分词

The new factory will have been completed by the end of this month.

这个月末,这个新工厂将会竣工。

10.过去将来完成时:主语 + should/would + have been + 过去分词

He said that Book One would have been finished by the end of this term.

他说到本学期末第一册书将已学完。

文章来源于网络,如若侵权,请联系站长删除。