八种时态的被动语态结构(英语中被动语态的构成及用法)

 

英语中八种时态的被动语态句型结构
 

被动语态的时态由被动结构“be+过去分词”中的动词be来体现,其基本结构和用法如下:

(1)一般现在时的被动语态:am [is, are]+过去分词English is taught in our school. 我们学校学英语。We are taken good care of at school. 我们在学校受到很好的照顾。

(2) 一般过去时的被动语态:was [were]+过去分词He was taken to the police station. 他被带到了警察局。The house was built ten years ago. 这座房子是10年前建的。

(3) 一般将来时的被动语态:will be+过去分词A new building will be built here soon. 不久这里将建一栋新楼。The meeting will be held at two this afternoon. 会议将于今天下午2点举行。

(4) 现在完成时的被动语态:have [has]been+过去分词All the work has been done now. 所有的工作现在都做好了。Have the letters been posted? 信都寄了吗?

(5) 过去完成时的被动语态:had been+过去分词He said the work had been finished. 他说工作已完成了。

(6) 现在进行时的被动语态:am [is, are] being+过去分词My watch is being repaired by him. 我的表正在由他修理。The plan is now being discussed. 计划现在正在讨论。

(7) 过去进行时的被动语态:was [were] being+过去分词He said that the man was being operated on. 他说那个人正在动手术。He told me that a new station was being built. 他说正在修建一个新车站。

(8) 过去将来时的被动语态:would be+过去分词He said that the meeting would be held next week. 他说会议将于下周举于。

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